For setting up development environment for laravel. you will need following softwares
for windows download thread safe zip from https://windows.php.net/download/
unzip the folder and you can add this path to environment variables
download composer from https://getcomposer.org/ and while installing it will ask for path if you added to environment variables it will aut detect or you can manually select php path
node js can installed using exe downloaded from https://nodejs.org/en/
download and install mysql from https://dev.mysql.com/downloads/ or you may download mariadb from https://mariadb.org/download/ . Both are similar to use.
download and install git from https://git-scm.com/